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Sudan dropped from US violators of religious freedom blacklist amid warming ties with Washington

A minority of Sudan's population are Christians and traditional animists [Getty]

Date of publication: 22 December, 2019

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Khartoum has seen warmer ties with Washington in recent months as it attempts to be removed from the state sponsors of terrorism list.
The United States dropped Sudan from its list of nations that severely violate religious freedoms, signalling increased support for Sudan's transitional government

The US State Department said it had upgraded Sudan to a special watch list for religious freedom, citing "significant steps taken by the civilian-led transitional government".
 
Sudan's joint military-civilian body was established in August after a popular uprising ousted former authoritarian president Omar al-Bashir. The State Department praised the new government for its efforts "to address the previous regime's systematic, ongoing, and egregious violations of religious freedom".

Sudan cheered the move as the latest sign of warming ties with the US, as it seeks to persuade American officials to remove Sudan from a far more serious blacklist: state sponsors of terrorism. The designation subjects Sudan to sanctions, hindering the new government's attempts to relieve its debt crisis and attract foreign investment during its fragile transition to democracy.

During Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok's first visit to the White House earlier this month, the US announced that the countries would upgrade their diplomatic relations by exchanging ambassadors for the first time in over two decades.

Sudan's Minister of Religious Affairs Nasser al-Din Mufrah on Saturday welcomed Washington's "important step", saying his government is working hard to restore religious freedoms.

"We will proceed in the direction of promoting recognition, respect and protection for all rights," Mufrah wrote in a message on his Facebook page.

While a majority of Sudanese are Muslims, a minority are Christians, mainly clustered in the southern conflict-torn Nuba Mountains. A minority who follow traditional African animist faith also live in the south.

The removal of the designation marked a significant change from Washington's report on religious freedom in Sudan last year.

The 2018 Religious Freedom report noted the "arbitrary application of Sharia law" by Khartoum, with women frequently fined and flogged on charges of "indecent dress". 

The draconian public order law that punished Sudanese women for their public dress and behaviour was repealed earlier this month.

Last year's report also alleged "authorities arresting, intimidating, and detaining Christian clergy and church members on religious grounds", as well as "shutting down churches" and "censoring religious materials and leaders".

Other nations on the US religious freedoms blacklist include Myanmar, Iran, China, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia.

Myanmar's armed forces are accused of genocide over the deaths of thousands and mass exodus of more than 600,000 Rohingya Muslims from the country.

China has faced international condemnation for rounding up an estimated one million Uighurs and other mostly Muslim ethnic minorities in internment camps in the northwestern region of Xinjiang.


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