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Nearly 170 charged with forming 'Bahrain Hizballah'

The Bahraini regime has closed most peaceful avenues for protest [AFP]

Date of publication: 25 September, 2018

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Analysts have expressed scepticism about previous Bahraini allegations of Iranian and Hizballah involvement.

Bahrain's attorney general charged nearly 170 people on Tuesday with forming a Shia "terrorist organisation" named for Lebanon's famed militant group Hizballah.

The small but strategic Gulf Arab kingdom has been dogged by persistent low-level violence since 2011 when its Sunni minority rulers bloodily suppressed Shia-led protests for a constitutional monarchy with an elected prime minister.

The authorities have repeatedly accused Shia Iran and it allies, including Hizballah, of fomenting the unrest. Iran and Hizballah deny the charge.

Attorney general Ahmad al-Hamadi said 169 people, 111 of whom are in custody, will be tried for "forming a terrorist organisation... under the name Bahrain Hizballah" in collaboration with the Iranian intelligence services.

Hamadi did not specify when the trial would open or when the defendants had been arrested.

But he said some of them were accused of travelling abroad to receive training in weapons and explosives from Iran and its regional allies.

Analysts have expressed scepticism about previous Bahraini allegations of Iranian and Hizballah involvement.

Hizballah is one of the best trained and equipped militant groups in the world, while most of the Bahrain violence has consisted of throwing stones and petrol bombs at police patrols or planting crude pipe bombs.

The authorities have closed most peaceful avenues for protest, banning the main Shia movement Al-Wefaq, which was the largest bloc in parliament, and throwing dozens of its leaders behind bars.

They and their Gulf Arab allies have also blacklisted Hizballah as a "terrorist organisation" and banned their citizens from any contact with the group or its members.

The crackdown has drawn periodic criticism from Western governments but the kingdom's strategic position just across the Gulf from Iran makes it a key ally.

The islands are home to the US Fifth Fleet and house a new British naval base completed earlier this year.

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