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Paola Tamma and Gehad Quisay

Yemen: A #breadmarch to save Hodeidah port

Yemenis arrive in Hudeydah after 200km on foot [Photo Edrees Alshami]

Date of publication: 24 April, 2017

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Hundreds of activists embarked on a five-day march to a besieged port in Yemen to demand the establishment of a humanitarian zone in Hodeidah and allow in aid.

Hundreds of activists embarked on a five-day peace march to Hodeidah on Yemen's coast to demand the establishment of a humanitarian zone in the besieged port city.

The five-day protest march – branded the #breadmarch – began on Wednesday when Yemeni activists left the UN's Yemen headquarters in the capital Sanaa.

The activists and civilians taking part in the protest are demanding the establishment of a safe zone in Hodeidah, which would allow desperately needed aid to enter the country.

The hundreds of activists were joined by civilians who took part in the arduous 200 kilometre march from Sanaa to Yemen's west coast.

One of the organisers of the march, Edrees al-Shami, told The New Arab that 83 people were treated for heatstroke, exhaustion and blisters when they arrived to the port.

Another protester said that they hope the march will highlight the plight of the Yemeni people who have suffered hunger due to sieges and war to the world.

The #breadmarch on its way to Hodeidah
[Photo Edrees Alshami]

"We walked for 200km under the blazing sun to ask the UN and the international community to fulfill their moral and legal obligations towards us," they told Hona al-Masirah TV.

Participants held banners reading "Do not close, do not target Hodeidah port" and "Do not starve the Yemeni people, do not commit genocide".

One protester likened the march to Gandhi’s 1930 salt march in protest against British rule.

More than eight in 10 Yemenis rely on food imports.

The city port of Hodeidah is the only route for much needed humanitarian aid into the country, but working at 40 percent of its capacity after Saudi jets bombarded its cranes in August 2015.

"The UN sent emergency small cranes to assist in unloading ships. They were confiscated and sent to UAE," Shami said.

"UN property is confiscated by the coalition and you don't hear outcry, or international condemnation."

The Pentagon is reportedly trying encourage US President Donald Trump to back the Saudi-led operation to regain control of the port, which is currently held by Houthi rebels.

The naval blockade already means that 80 percent of food and medicine are not able to enter the country, and humanitarian groups are struggling to get desperately needed aid to those in need.

"Ships have to wait for weeks – sometimes months – to be granted permission [from the Saudi-led coalition] to enter the Hodiedah port. There is a sharp rise in prices of all commodities making the middle-class poor and the poor starving," Shami added.

Due to difficulty with access and funding constraints, the World Food Programme had to downsize the caloric intake of each meal it distributes to reach the 6.7 million people urgently needing food assistance.

Hodeidah is one of the governorates worst hit by the war which began when Yemeni rebels took over the capital in 2015.

The port is at risk of deteriorating into famine if adequate assistance is not provided, WFP warned.


Paola Tamma is a freelance investigative journalist who recently graduated from City University, London. She is currently researching Yemeni issues and society. Follow her on Twitter: @paola_tamma

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