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Syrian regime seize Aleppo neighbourhood following devastating bombing

Aleppo has suffered days of intense air raids [AFP]

Date of publication: 28 September, 2016

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Pro-Syrian regime forces have mounted a major offensive on Aleppo city, seizing a neighbourhood after days of crippling air raids that have left dozens dead.

The Syrian regime seized a rebel-held district in central Aleppo on Tuesday, following heavy air raids and a new offensive on opposition neighbourhoods.

It came after announcements last week that Damascus planned to retake all of the divided city.

Regime troops took control of the Farafira district northwest of Aleppo's historic citadel, a military source told AFP.

"After neutralising many terrorists... units are now demining the area," the source said. The Syrian regime and Russia refer to all its opponents as "terrorists".

Push

For several days, intensive Syrian and Russian air raids on rebel-held Aleppo neighbourhoods - some of the fiercest of the war so far - after the regime broke a US-Russian brokered ceasefire.

The bombardment included banned phosphorus munitions, and resulted in dozens of civilian deaths. 

The Aleppo attacks led France, the UK and US of accusing Russia of possible war crimes during a UN meeting in New York.

Since then, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has also condemned the air campaign.

"The appalling attacks on Aleppo have shaken all of us, and the violence and the attacks we have seen... is morally totally unacceptable and is a blatant violation of international law."

One young girl, her body encased in rubble, was among the dead.


On the ground in eastern Aleppo, an AFP correspondent said air strikes struck several neighbourhoods simultaneously, including in al-Shaar, where a five-storey building was levelled with a family stuck inside.

One young girl, her body encased in rubble, was among the dead.

Her father, in shock as rescue workers picked up her lifeless body, collapsed beside her, saying: "She's just sleeping. She's just used to sleeping."

Dozens dead

The bombing comes as Human Rights Watch said it suspected the regime of launching two chemical attacks in attacks on Aleppo.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a UK-based monitor, said that more than 165 people have been killed by Russian and regime bombardment on the city since the regime announced its offensive last week.

At least 23 civilians, including nine children, were killed Tuesday in raids on the neighbourhoods of al-Shaar and al-Mashhad, it said.

As well as the intensified violence, residents have been left reeling from food shortages and skyrocketing prices.

The World Health Organization warned that medical facilities in east Aleppo were on the verge of "complete destruction".

"Over the last weekend alone, more than 200 people were injured and taken to understaffed health facilities in east Aleppo," a spokeswoman said in Geneva.

The UN body called for "an immediate establishment of humanitarian routes to evacuate sick and wounded from the eastern part of the city".

The Observatory said that there were "significantly fewer" strikes on Aleppo on Tuesday than in recent days, but confirmed the advance by pro-government forces into Farafira.

Aleppo has been roughly divided between regime control in the west and rebel control in the east since mid-2012, and the frontline has remained largely static despite continuous violence.

Following the breakdown in the ceasefire, analysts suggested that the unprecedented ferocity with which Aleppo has been hit in recent days suggested that Moscow was backing the Syrian regime's aim to totally recapture the city.

"Russia has decided to go all out because it no longer believes in the possibility of collaborating with the United States in Syria," said Fabrice Balanche, a Syria expert at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

At an emergency session of the UN Security Council on Sunday, US ambassador Samantha Power accused Russia of "barbarism", while both the British and French envoys went further, alleging the bombing of Aleppo constituted possible war crimes.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel said Tuesday that violence in Aleppo was on an "absolutely unacceptable scale" and that it was up to Russia and Syria to ensure humanitarian aid could reach the battered city.

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