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US embassy in Baghdad suspends consular operations following dramatic pro-Iran sit-in

Iraqi security forces stand guard in front of the US embassy in Baghdad [AFP/Getty]

Date of publication: 2 January, 2020

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The US embassy in Baghdad has suspended all consular operations following a dramatic incursion by pro-Iran demonstrators.
The US embassy in Iraq announced on Wednesday that consular services were suspended in Baghdad "until further notice" and advised American citizens not to approach the complex, Reuters reported.

The suspension of all operations in the Baghdad embassy comes a day after pro-Iran demonstrators ended their sit-in after the Hashd al-Shaabi paramilitary force ordered them to withdraw from the besieged grounds.

"Due to militia attacks at the US Embassy compound, all public consular operations are suspended until further notice. All future appointments are cancelled. US citizens are advised to not approach the embassy," the embassy said in a Wednesday statement.

Thousands of Iraqi supporters of the largely Iranian-trained Hashd al-Shaabi had encircled and vandalised the embassy compound on Tuesday, outraged by US airstrikes that killed 25 Hashd fighters over the weekend.

They marched unimpeded through the checkpoints of the usually high-security Green Zone to the embassy gates, where they broke through a reception area, chanting "Death to America" and spraying pro-Iran graffiti on the walls.

Iraq's caretaker premier Adel Abdel Mahdi called on the angry crowd to leave the embassy, but most spent the night in dozens of tents set up outside the perimeter wall.

On Wednesday morning, crowds of men brandished the Hashd's colours, torched US flags and hurled rocks towards the compound.

 Crowds at the eastern entrance of the United States Embassy in Baghdad [Maxar Technologies]

Security personnel inside responded with tear gas, wounding at least 20 people, the Hashd said. 

By the afternoon, the Hashd called on its supporters to leave the embassy and regroup outside the Green Zone "out of respect for the state." 

"You delivered your message," it said in a statement.

Kataeb Hezbollah, the group targeted in the US raids, initially told AFP it would stay at the embassy, but later said it had decided to abide by the Hashd's order.

"We scored a huge win: we arrived to the US embassy, which no one had done before," spokesman Mohammad Mohyeddin told AFP.

"Now, the ball is in parliament's court," he added, referring to lawmakers' efforts to revoke the legal cover for 5,200 US troops to deploy in Iraq. 

'You can't do a thing'

Tuesday's embassy attack was the latest episode in spiralling tensions between the US and Iran since Washington abandoned a landmark nuclear deal with Tehran in 2018.

Many of those tensions have played out in Iraq, which has close ties with both governments.

US forces have faced a spate of rocket attacks in recent months, including one last week that killed a US contractor and prompted the weekend airstrikes.

President Donald Trump and other US officials have blamed Iran for attacks on US forces and the embassy. 

"They will pay a very BIG PRICE! This is not a Warning, it is a Threat," Trump wrote on Twitter, adding "Happy New Year!"

Iran's supreme leader condemned US strikes on Iraq and warned his country was ready to hit back.

"First of all, you can't do a damn thing! This has nothing to do with Iran," Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said in a speech on state television.

"If the Islamic republic decides to oppose or fight against a country, it will do this explicitly," he said.

'Our hands are tied' 

By Wednesday, Iraqi forces had reimposed normal security measures around the perimeter of the Green Zone, usually inaccessible without a badge.

US officials were alarmed that protesters crossed checkpoints so easily on Tuesday.

US officials have pressured Iraqi authorities to step up security and sent a rapid response team of Marines overnight to help guard the compound.

Pentagon chief Mark Esper said around 750 troops from the 82nd Airborne Division were prepared to deploy to the region in the coming days.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo postponed a trip to Ukraine to monitor from Washington "the ongoing situation in Iraq and ensure the safety and security of Americans in the Middle East," a spokeswoman said.

Pompeo spoke with premier Mahdi Wednesday and "noted the measures the Government of Iraq has taken to improve the security situation," the State Department said.

Pompeo also stressed it was the Iraqi government's responsibility to prevent further attacks on the embassy, it added.

No US personnel were injured in the attack and US officials said they had no plans to evacuate.

Read more: From Lebanon to Kashmir: The New Arab's 10 biggest stories of 2019

Ambassador Matthew Tueller was said to be on his way back to Baghdad from holiday but had yet to arrive on Wednesday afternoon.

The attack highlighted new strains in the US-Iraqi relationship, which officials from both countries have described to AFP as the "coldest" in years.

The US led the 2003 invasion against then-dictator Saddam Hussein and has worked closely with Iraqi officials since, but its influence has waned compared with Tehran's growing clout.

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