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Somalia readies for 'state of war' as death toll up to 358

The US has stepped up military involvement in Somalia [Getty]

Date of publication: 22 October, 2017

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Somalia's president on Saturday urged troops to prepare for a "state of war" against al-Shabaab, as the death toll reached 358 for the country's deadliest attack.

Somalia's president on Saturday urged troops to prepare for a "state of war" against the al-Shabab extremist group blamed for the country's deadliest attack, as the toll reached 358 with dozens still said to be missing a week after the truck bombing in Mogadishu.

The United States is expected to play a supporting role in the new offensive, a Somali military official told AP.

The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorised to speak to reporters.

While President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed's emergency speech to lawmakers was postponed, he spoke to army units at a training camp on the outskirts of the capital.

Army spokesman Capt. Abdullahi Iman said the offensive involving thousands of troops will try to push al-Shabab fighters out of their strongholds in the Lower Shabelle and Middle Shabelle regions where many deadly attacks on Mogadishu and on Somali and African Union bases have been launched.

The extremist group has not commented on the Oct. 14 truck bombing, which Somali intelligence officials have said was meant to target the capital's heavily fortified international airport where many countries have their embassies.

The massive bomb, which security officials said weighed between 600 kilogrammes and 800 kilogrammes, instead detonated in a crowded street after soldiers opened fire and flattened one of the truck's tires.

Somalia's information minister Abdirahman Osman has said 56 people are still missing. Another 228 people were wounded, and 122 have been airlifted for treatment in Turkey, Sudan and Kenya.

"This pain will last for years," said a sheikh leading Friday prayers at the bombing site, as long lines of mourners stood in front of flattened or tangled buildings.

Since the election of the country's Somali-American president in February, the government has announced a number of military offensives against al-Shabab, Africa's deadliest Islamic extremist group, only to end them weeks later with no explanation.

Experts believe that has given the extremists breathing space and emboldened them in their guerrilla attacks.

Iman, Somalia's army spokesman, told AP that troops recaptured three towns in Lower Shabelle region from al-Shabab on Friday in preparation for the new offensive.

Somali officials did not give details on what role the US military might play.

The US has stepped up military involvement in the long-fractured Horn of Africa nation since President Donald Trump approved expanded operations against the group early this year.

The US has carried out at least 19 drone strikes in Somalia since January, according to The Bureau of Investigative Journalism.

The latest US drone strike occurred Monday about 56 kilometres southwest of the capital, the US Africa Command told the AP. It said it was still assessing the results.

Earlier this week, in response to questions about the massive truck bombing, a Pentagon spokesman said the US has about 400 troops in Somalia and "we're not going to speculate" about sending more.

In April, the US announced it was sending dozens of regular troops to Somalia in the largest such deployment to the country in roughly two decades.

The US said it was for logistics training of Somalia's army and that about 40 troops were taking part.

Weeks later, a service member was killed during an operation against al-Shabab. He was the first American to die in combat in Somalia since 1993.

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