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Libya rivals battle for control of vital oil ports

Libyan rivals have clashed after IS were all-but-defeated in Sirte [AFP]

Date of publication: 18 September, 2016

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Forces loyal to Libya's unity government have launched an offensive to retake four key oil ports from the militants allied to the rival Tobruk authority.
Libya's UN-backed unity government started an offensive to retake control of four key eastern oil ports from rival forces.

"The Petroleum Facilities Guard launched an offensive this morning and (our forces) are fighting them in Ras Lanuf," said Mohamad Ibset, spokesman for the rival force commanded by controversial militia commander Khalifa Haftar.

The petroleum guards are loyal to the unity government based in Tripoli, and said it had launched counterattacks on two of the oil ports.

"We attacked al-Sidra and Ras Lanuf, and Haftar's forces are trying to hit us with their warplanes," spokesman Ali al-Hassi told AFP.

The loss of the ports was a blow to the Government of National Accord, which relies on oil revenues and has struggled to assert its authority since setting up base in the capital in March.

Haftar - who sees himself as Libya's saviour after driving jihadis out of most of the country's second city, Benghazi - is the most powerful backer of the rival administration in the east.

It announced on Wednesday that it would hand control of exports from the four ports to Libya's National Oil Company, albeit under the supervision of Haftar's forces.

The oil company chairman Mustafa Sanalla said on Thursday that exports would resume immediately at two of the ports, one of them Ras Lanuf.

The US special envoy for Libya, Jonathan Winer, warned that resumed oil exports would only be acceptable if the proceeds were paid into the Libyan central bank in Tripoli.

"If oil were to be diverted... the US will seek to enforce UN Security Council resolutions," Winer told AFP in an interview on Wednesday.

The fighting between the rival governments is the latest escalation of the turmoil that has gripped Libya since the 2011 overthrow of longtime dictator Muammar Gadaffi.

The unity government is the centrepiece of UN efforts to restore stability and forge a central authority capable of tackling the twin scourges of a significant Islamic State group presence and rampant people trafficking across the Mediterranean to Europe.

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